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Care Sheet

Common Emporer Scorpion (Pandinus imperator)

pandinus_imperatorThis species was first described by C. L. Koch in 1842.

This is probably the first species of scorpion most of us started with when we decided to branch out and experience other arachnids.

A large black looking (although in natural light it looks more like dark green, or dark brown in some cases) scorpion with large and very distinctive chunky (almost spade-like) pedipalps.

It's not surprising that many in the hobby aim to keep at least one of these scorpions. It is certainly one on my list of must haves, and indeed I recently acquired my first.

It is widely distributed through West Africa, Ivory Coast, Senegal, Ghana and Sierra Leone where it lives in deep burrows in the tropical rainforest.

This is an ideal starter scorpion, due to it's forgiving nature and tolerance of mistakes that many beginners make. The venom of this species is considered to be very mild. But they have strong pedipalps (pincers) that can draw blood!

As with all scorpion species handling is not recommended.

The requirements in captivity are:

As for keeping them as pets, many people keep these in large 12x12x12 (inches) tanks.

This species requires high humidity levels (above 75%).

Substrate for the cage should be of peat/vermiculite mix, and should be at least 3 (preferably 4 to 6) inches deep. These scorpions will dig deep burrows if the substrate is suitable.

An open water dish is a must; humidity must not fall below 75 percent!

Food: All standard invertebrates

Terrestrial: Rainforest species, deep burrower.

Aggressiveness: Not overly aggressive, can be fast.

Venom Effect: Considered to be low toxicity.

Size: Adults vary between 5 to 8 inches in size.

Geographic Range: Can be found in West Africa, Ivory Coast, Senegal, Ghana and Sierra Leone.

Requirements: Temperature: 78 Fahrenheit

Humidity: 80%

Substrate: Peat or peat/vermiculite mix (at least 3 inches deep).

Shelter: Flowerpot or Cork Bark

Water: Open water dish

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